CAA News Today

The American Council of Learned Societies Humanities E-Book (HEB) released Round 11 of their online collection this August. These 353 titles bring the total of the volumes in the collection to 4,315. The new round includes additional titles from two of HEB’s original publishing partners, Oxford University Press and Harvard University Press, as well as books from new partners such as University of Toronto Press and Michigan State University Press.

All the titles in Humanities E-Book are available to College Art Association members. The American Council of Learned Societies Humanities E-Book (HEB) makes individual subscriptions available through standing membership in any of the 72 ACLS constituent societies.

The subscription offers unlimited access to 4,315 cross-searchable, full-text titles across the humanities and related social sciences. The titles in HEB have been selected and peer reviewed by ACLS constituent learned societies for their continued value in teaching and researching. The collection comprises both in- and out-of-print titles ranging from the 1880s through the present, and includes many prize-winning works. It also includes special series such as the Records of Civilization: http://www.humanitiesebook.org/the-collection/series_ROC.html and the College Art Association Monographs: http://www.humanitiesebook.org/the-collection/series_CAA.html.

Individual subscriptions are ideal for those whose school might not yet have an institutional subscription to HEB or for individual members of a learned society who might not be affiliated with a subscribing institution. (A full list of subscribing institutions can be found on the HEB website, at http://www.humanitiesebook.org/subscriptions-pricing/subscribing-institutions.html.) Individual subscriptions are USD $40.00 for a twelve-month subscription, and College Art Association members can sign up via the HEB website: http://www.humanitiesebook.org/subscriptions-pricing/individuals.html.

For more information about individual subscriptions, contact subscriptions@hebook.org.

Filed under: Online Resources, Publications

David Rosand: In Memoriam

posted by CAA — Sep 19, 2014

Paula Carabell received her PhD from Columbia University in 1994 with a dissertation on the work of Michelangelo and Titian. She has published on Renaissance and contemporary art and currently teaches at Pratt Institute.

JDavid Rosand

David Rosand

It is with great sadness that I write that David Rosand, Meyer Schapiro Professor of Art History Emeritus at Columbia University, died on August 8, 2014, at the age of 75. Known for his work on Titian and Veronese and for his breadth of knowledge in the field, he maintained a long association with Columbia, which he attended as both an undergraduate and a graduate student, subsequently joining the faculty of the Department of Art History and Archaeology in 1964, where he remained until he taught his last class in 2013. Rosand’s many students will remember him as a kind, generous, erudite, and elegant scholar who extended his expertise and help even to those whose areas of research went beyond his own field, the Italian Renaissance.

Rosand was, above all, a passionate and dedicated advocate of the art of Renaissance Venice, An active member of Save Venice, he served on the foundation’s board of directors from 1998 onward and acted as project director from 2003 until his death. So that future generations might also come to know and love Venice, he was instrumental in acquiring the residence of one his own mentors and colleagues, Michelangelo Murano, past director of the Ca’ d’Oro museum, which now serves as the Columbia University Center for Study in Venice at Casa Murano. This seems a fitting legacy for one who, as a graduate student, expressed concern to his teacher, the legendary Rudolf Wittkower, that Venice was sinking—to which Wittkower replied, “Tsk, tsk, it will be there as long as you need it.” And thankfully for all who heard him lecture or who read his work, so it was.

It was, of course, to the art of Titian that he dedicated the largest part of his career. As an undergraduate at Columbia in the 1950s, Rosand, who had been an editor and cartoonist for the school’s humor magazine the Jester, had considered becoming a painter and, as such, would have become part of the Abstract Expressionist movement. This, however, never came to pass despite encouragement and an offer of studio space from his undergraduate mentor. In an oft-repeated story, Rosand recalled that “the prospect of being alone with a canvas so frightened me that I came back and threw myself into art history.” It was, however, the idea of the brushstroke and the painterly gesture that ultimately stayed with him, and the transition from the New York School of painting to the art of the Serenissima proved to be a natural one. As the artist Willem de Kooning had pointed out, “flesh is the reason that oil paint was invented,” and Rosand explored this notion most thoroughly in the work of Titian. Standing with him once at the Titian, Prince of Painters exhibition at the Palazzo Ducale in Venice, I marveled at how intensely he searched the surface of the canvas, how he seemed to perceive nuances of painterly gesture that it appeared only he could see. And indeed it was the interaction of oil paint and canvas, of pen and paper, of chisel and stone, to which Rosand always returned. His injunction to “always start with the object” proved to be sound advice in an age of art-historical scholarship that all too often turned to issues that seemed to eschew the very act of image making.

David Rosand

David Rosand at the Accadenua Gallery in Venice

Rosand was an eloquent writer who instilled in his students an appreciation for the poetic aspects of both word and image. Whether it was about Titian’s sensual poesia created for Philip II or the final Pietà that the artist had intended for his own tomb, Rosand made one aware of the deeper levels of meaning that adhered to the work itself, most notably, the pathos inherent in the art of painting.

It is to that sense of pathos that we return upon his passing. It is not only that we will be deprived of further publications like his many contributions to scholarly journals or such major works as Painting in Cinquecento Venice: Titian, Veronese, Tintoretto (1982), The Meaning of the Mark: Leonardo and Titian (1988), and Myths of Venice: The Figuration of a State (2001), plus important monographs on Titian and Veronese, but to the man himself. To those who knew him, we will miss the way that Rosand seem to glide through the halls of Schermerhorn, how in the classroom his lectures seemed to meander in an evocative circle of images and ideas and then culminate in a burst of wisdom and insight, and, of course, his favorite call to arms, “coraggio,” when we began to question our own work.

Rosand was accorded many honors and earned the Great Teacher Award from the Society of Columbia Graduates in 1997 and the Award for Distinguished Service to the Core Curriculum from the Heyman Center for the Humanities at Columbia in 2000. He received recognition from such organizations as the National Endowment for the Humanities, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, the American Academy in Rome, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In May 2014, Rosand was awarded the degree of doctor of letters, honoris causa, from Columbia to recognize his many contributions to the field of art history and to the life of the university.

David Rosand, who died of cardiac amyloidosis, is survived by his wife Ellen Rosand, professor of music at Yale University; by his sons Jonathan, a neurologist at Massachusetts General Hospital, and Eric, a senior counterterrorism policy official at the US State Department; and by five grandsons. He will be greatly missed by the many whose lives he touched.

Filed under: Obituaries

News from the Art and Academic Worlds

posted by Christopher Howard — Jul 09, 2014

Each week CAA News publishes summaries of eight articles, published around the web, that CAA members may find interesting and useful in their professional and creative lives.

Who Ought to Underwrite Publishing Scholars’ Books?

At almost any gathering of academic publishers or librarians, you’ll hear someone float the idea—sometimes phrased as a question—that the model for publishing scholarly monographs is broken. Two sets of ideas aired at the Association of American University Presses’ recent annual meeting don’t say the model is damaged beyond repair. But the proposals, both from groups outside the university-press community, suggest that it needs to be retrofitted, at the least. (Read more from the Chronicle of Higher Education.)

We Should Allow Failing Arts Organizations to Die

Arts organizations are already dying. In Detroit, in New York City, in the United Kingdom. From operas to art galleries. This is no longer an urban versus rural debate. A nonprofit versus for profit debate. A “one discipline is dying” but “others are inexplicably thriving” debate. This is a simple acknowledgement that the industry is in decline. And I think that not only should we allow it, we should encourage it. (Read more from Medium.)

Race, Gender, and Academic Jobs

I am currently the lowest-paid tenure-track faculty member in my department and was told by the man paid to manage me that if I wanted a raise I would probably need to get a new job or at least an offer that might prompt a counteroffer. So I went on the job market and was lucky enough to score a campus interview for an assistant professor position at a liberal arts college in an ideal location. Let’s just call this place Rich Liberal Arts College. (Read more from Inside Higher Ed.)

Does the Mojave Desert Need an Artist-Built Swimming Pool? Maybe

The art world loves a work of art that requires trekking to a remote location. There’s Spiral Jetty, one of the most iconic pieces of land art in existence, on the northern shores of the Great Salt Lake. New Mexico has Lightning Field, Walter de Maria’s installation of four hundred stainless-steel poles that serves as Minimal sculpture at most times and a veritable light show during lightning storms. These experiences are about long journeys, landscape, and meditation. Now there’s another piece to add to this list: Social Pool by the Austrian artist Alfredo Barsuglia, who was a resident at the MAK Center for Art and Architecture in Los Angeles. (Read more from the Los Angeles Times.)

At Mellon, Signs of Change

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation has a reputation for moving in mysterious ways. For forty-five years, it has steadily handed out money—lots of it—to sustain the humanities and the performing arts. As times have gotten tougher, Mellon’s deep pockets have become increasingly important. The foundation tends to attract an unusual level of anxiety and interest, like a rich uncle whose quirks and whims keep poorer relations on their toes. (Read more from the Chronicle of Higher Education.)

When Copy and Paste Reigned in the Age of Scrapbooking

Cutting, pasting, collating—this feels like a new behavior, a desperate attempt to cope with a radical case of information overload. But it’s actually a quite venerable urge. Indeed, back in the nineteenth century we had a similarly intense media barrage, and we used a very similar technology to handle it: the scrapbook. (Read more from the Smithsonian.)

By Design

There are toxic words in every field and, when it comes to design, two of the most ominous are “sculptural” and “artistic.” Not that there is necessarily anything wrong with design projects exhibiting either quality, but those that are described as doing so seldom do. Instead, they are likely to be any or all of the following: bland, silly, blingy, pretentious, shoddy, derivative, ugly, ridiculous, or unjustifiably expensive. (Read more from Frieze.)

Make Sure the Artists Are on Board

The artist-trustees at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles—John Baldessari, Catherine Opie, Barbara Kruger, and Ed Ruscha—went from filling what could have been seen as ­symbolic posts, demonstrating the ­museum’s commitment to living artists, to playing a critical role in the museum’s ­recent public-relations crisis and its recovery-in-progress. Other contemporary art museums are also making space for at least one artist on their boards. (Read more from the Art Newspaper.)

Filed under: CAA News

Two Meiss/Mellon Author’s Book Awards for Spring 2014

posted by Christopher Howard — Jun 17, 2014

CAA is pleased to announce the two recipients of the Meiss/Mellon Author’s Book Award for spring 2014. Thanks to a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, CAA is supporting the work of emerging authors who are publishing monographs on the history of art and related subjects.

The spring 2014 grant recipients are:

  • Sonal Khullar, Worldly Affiliations: Artistic Practice, National Identity, and Modernism in India, 1930–1990, University of California Press
  • Pepper Stetler, Stop Reading! Look! Modern Vision and the Weimar Photographic Book, University of Michigan Press

The purpose of the Meiss/Mellon subventions is to reduce the financial burden that authors carry when acquiring images for publication, including licensing and reproduction fees for both print and online publications. Authors must be current CAA members. Please review the application guidelines for more information. Deadline for the fall 2014 grant cycle: September 15, 2014.

Affiliated Society News for May 2014

posted by CAA — May 09, 2014

American Council for Southern Asian Art

The American Council for Southern Asian Art (ACSAA) invites you to visit its newly updated website, where you can browse calls for papers, job and fellowship listings, and, for members, recent and past issues of the ACSAA Bulletin. Please send news and postings for the website to ACSAA’s webmaster, Cathleen Cummings.

Please also watch the ACSAA website and listserv for news about upcoming elections. ACSAA will be voting on new board members, changes to membership fees, and several other initiatives. You must be a member in good standing to be eligible to cast your vote. Help shape the future of ACSAA.

Association of Art Historians

The Association of Art Historians (AAH) has announced that Christine Riding is the new AAH chair, serving a three-year post. She takes over from Alison Yarrington. Riding is senior curator and head of art at the Royal Museums Greenwich in London. Previously she was curator of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century British art at Tate Britain and held curatorial positions at the Palace of Westminster, Museum of London, and the Wallace Collection. Riding has lectured and published widely on the history of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century British art and has organized a number of international exhibitions at Tate Britain and Tate Modern. Her current projects include curating Turner and the Sea, a major exhibition that opened at Greenwich in November 2013. She also served as an AAH trustee between 2004 and 2007 and was deputy editor of Art History between 2007 and 2012. Riding has participated on the Clore Leadership Programme and was recently appointed as an impact assessor for REF2014.

Community College Professors of Art and Art History

The Community College Professors of Art and Art History (CCPAAH) had a successful session at this year’s CAA Annual Conference in Chicago. “Starting the Conversation: Engaging Students in the Studio and Art History,”chaired by Susan Altman of Middlesex County College, featured: Tyrus Clutter, College of Central Florida, “Flipping the Classroom with Digital Demonstrations”; Monica Anke Hahn, Community College of Philadelphia, “Virtual Engagement: Conversations in Online and Hybrid Classes”; and Julianne Parse Sandlin, Portland Community College, “Low-Tech Engagement: Art History and the Class Discussion.” The prospectus for next year’s conference session will be posted later this spring on CCPAAH’s Facebook page. To become more involved in the organization, please email ccpaah@gmail.com.

Foundations in Art: Theory and Education

The next biennial conference of Foundations in Art: Theory and Education (FATE), called “Tectonic Shifts” and hosted by the Herron School of Art and Design at Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis, will be held March 25–28, 2015. The event will take place in the heart of downtown Indianapolis at the Westin Hotel Indianapolis, which just completed a $14 million renovation. You can access hotel registration information via the FATE website.

FATE’s Programming Committee is now reviewing the call for session proposals. While the call for sessions is now closed, a call for papers was sent in April 2014. Approximately one hundred sessions will run during the three-day conference. Papers will be accepted from all who contribute to the foundation experience. The “Tectonic Shifts” FATE members exhibition will take place in one of Indianapolis’s most respected exhibition venues, the Herron School Art and Design Galleries. A call for exhibition entries will go out in mid-May. The conference keynote speaker is Wayne White, an American artist, art director, illustrator, puppeteer, and much, much more.White has traveled the country delivering an incredibly entertaining hour-long talk in which he discusses his life and work, while making time for banjo and harmonica playing.

Historians of German and Central European Art and Architecture

The Historians of German and Central European Art and Architecture (HGCEA) has elected a new board of directors for a three-year term, 2014–17. They are: Marsha Morton, president; Jay Clarke, secretary; Jim Van Dyke, treasurer; Elizabeth Cronin, web manager; and Keith Holz, Karla Huebner, Juliet Koss, and Elizabeth Otto, at-large members.

Historians of Netherlandish Art

The Historians of Netherlandish Art (HNA) will hold its next conference June 5–7, 2014, in Boston, Massachusetts. The event will be held in cooperation with the American Association for Netherlandic Studies and involve sessions and workshops with focus on Netherlandish art from 1350 to 1750. Please see the HNA website for more information.

The next formal deadline for submitting manuscripts to the Journal of Historians of Netherlandish Art, HNA’s peer-reviewed, open-access ejournal, is August 1, 2014. In addition to longer articles, the journal welcomes shorter notes on archival discoveries, iconographical issues, technical studies, and rediscovered works. For submission guidelines, see the journal’s website or contact Alison Kettering, senior editor, at aketteri@carleton.edu or aketteri@jhna.org for more information.

International Association of Art Critics

The United States chapter of the International Association of Art Critics (AICA-USA) will hold its awards ceremony and dinner to honor the best exhibitions that opened between January and December 2013 at the studio of Izhar Patkin in New York on Monday, May 12, 2014, 6:00–9:00 PM.

Italian Art Society

The Italian Art Society (IAS) invites scholars in Italy this spring to attend the fifth annual IAS/Kress Lecture in Italy by Jean K. Cadogan, professor of fine arts at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, whose paper is titled “‘Maravigliose istorie’: The Mural Decoration of the Camposanto in Pisa.” Cadogan will share her intriguing work on the multiphase, comprehensive program of painting on the walls of the Camposanto in a presentation on May 27, 2014, at the Gipsoteca of the Università di Pisa. See the IAS website for details.

In addition, the IAS website publishes information about the organization’s activities at the upcoming forty-ninth International Congress of Medieval Studies in Kalamazoo, Michigan, taking place May 8–11, 2014. IAS will hold a business meeting at 5:30 PM on Thursday, May 8 (in Valley II, Garneau Lounge), plus three IAS-sponsored sessions (all in Bernhard 209) and an IAS reception (in the second floor lobby of Bernhard) at 5:30 PM on Friday, May 9. All members and prospective members are welcome!

National Art Education Association

The National Art Education Association (NAEA) is accepting proposals for presentations for the 2015 NAEA national convention, to be held March 26–28 in New Orleans, Louisiana. You must be an NAEA member to submit a proposal. The deadline is May 15, 2014.

NAEA also announces two new publications: Practice Theory: Seeing the Power of Art Teacher Researchers and Purposes, Principles, and Standards for School Art Programs.

Studies in Art Education, the NAEA’s professional refereed journal, is a quarterly publication that reports quantitative, qualitative, historical, and philosophical research in art education. View a sample digital issue. The cost for a one-year subscription is $20 for NAEA members, $30 for nonmembers, and $45 for Canadian/foreign subscriptions.

NAEA announces SummerVision DC: Hands-On Learning in Art Museums. Choose from two sessions: July 8–11, 2014, or July 22–25, 2014. Now in its fifth year, NAEA SummerVision DC is an annual event offered by NAEA in partnership with Washington, DC–area art museums. Upon completion of the program, participants will receive a certificate of participation with thirty clock hours of professional development. The cost is $495 (NAEA members) and $549 (nonmembers). Each session is limited to twenty-five participants.

New Media Caucus

The New Media Caucus (NMC) has announced the results of its recent board and officer elections. The NMC board of directors voted to add two new officer positions to its Executive Committee: chair of the Communications Committee and chair of the Events and Exhibitions Committee. A. Bill Miller, assistant professor at the University of Wisconsin in Whitewater, joins the board and begins a one-year term as the chair of the Communications Committee. Joyce Rudinsky, associate professor at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, was voted as the chair of Exhibitions and Events Committee. NMC also welcomes new and reelected board members: Barbara Rauch, Kevin Hamilton, Joshua Selman, A. Bill Miller, Rachel Clarke, and Mat Rappaport. Rappaport was reelected as secretary, and Vagner Whitehead, associate professor at Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan, begins his term as the fourth NMC president.

The NMC board would like to thank its former president, Paul Catanese, for his leadership over the past six years. Under his tenure NMC has grown into an organization of over nine hundred members and developed annual programming that highlights the practice and scholarship of new-media art and theory. He now sits on the Executive Committee as immediate past president. NMC also wants to thank board members whose terms have ended for all the work they have done in the past years: Mike Salmond, Dima Strakovsky, Leslie Raymond, and Gwyan Rhabyt (president emeritus). Finally, NMC thanks the members of the Nominations Committee who oversaw the election: Mina Cheon, Meredith Hoy, and Mat Rappaport.

Pacific Arts Association

The conference of the European chapter of Pacific Arts Association (PAA) was held April 24–26, 2014, at the Rautenstrauch-Joest-Museum-Cultures of the World in Cologne, Germany. The conference coincided with the exhibition Made in Oceania: Tapa – Art and Social Landscapes. Learn more about conference registration, programs, accommodations, and special events on the PAA website.

Public Art Dialogue

At CAA’s 2014 Annual Conference in Chicago, Jack Becker received the 2014 Public Art Dialogue Award for Achievement in the Field of Public Art. In honoring his thirty-five years of service to the profession, Harriet F. Senie, cochair of Public Art Dialogue (PAD), observed, “I don’t think there is anyone in the field who has done more to legitimize the field of public art than Jack Becker. I can’t begin to imagine where we would all be without the Public Art Review and its ongoing response to and expansion of our enterprise.”

A CAA session on “Public Art and Its Role in Placemaking from an International Perspective” featured the speakers Marisa D. Lerer, Norie Sato, and Jack Becker. Chaired by Erika Doss, another session, “Vandalism, Removal, Relocation, Destruction: The Dilemma of Public Art’s Permanence,” featured the following presentations: “Yankees, Automobiles, and Other Hazards: Shattered Monuments and the Problem of Confederate Memory,” by Sarah Beetham; “Marking Memory: Ambiguity and Amnesia in the Monument to Soviet Tank Crews in Prague,” by Jenelle Davis; “Maintaining Problematic Public Art,” by Christine Young-Kyung Hahn; “Distant Stars, Black Holes, and Burned Out Sculptures: Media Obsolescence and the Trouble with Public Art,” by Julia E. Marsh; and “The Sordid Pasts of Public Art and How We Go About Protecting Them,” by Michele Bogart.

Society for Photographic Education

The Society for Photographic Education (SPE) is accepting proposals for its 2015 conference, “Atmospheres: Climate, Equity, and Community in Photography.” Topics may include but are not limited to: image-making, history, contemporary theory and criticism, new technologies, effects of media and culture, educational issues, and funding. SPE membership is required to submit; proposals are peer reviewed. Proposals are due by June 1, 2014. Visit the SPE website for full proposal guidelines.

SPE is pleased to announce these award opportunities:

  • Future Focus Project Support Grant: Established to recognize exceptional photographic work, this $5,000 grant is partially funded by the SPE Future Focus Campaign. The recipient also receives a complimentary one-year SPE membership and two years of conference registration
  • Honored Educator Award: Bestowed upon a career educator recognizing significant contribution to the field of photographic education. The recipient receives a lifetime SPE membership and a $1,000 honorarium
  • Insight Award: Given to up to five members annually who demonstrate excellence in innovative teaching, sustained mentoring of colleagues or students, broad contribution to technical, critical, pedagogical, or visual aspects of the field, breadth or depth of exhibition or publication, and/or sustained presence in the field

Applications and nominations are due by July 1, 2014. Visit the SPE website for more information about these awards.

Society of Architectural Historians

The Society of Architectural Historians (SAH) is accepting applications for its 2014 SAH/Mellon Author Awards, designed to support emerging authors publishing monographs on the history of the built environment who are responsible for paying for rights and permissions for images in their publications. The deadline is June 1, 2014.

SAH is also accepting abstracts for papers for its sixty-eighth annual conference, taking place April 15–19, 2015, in Chicago, Illinois. Abstracts may be submitted for one of the thirty-two thematic sessions or for an open session. The deadline to submit is June 6, 2014. Visit the SAH website for details.

Carolyn Garrett has been named SAH development director. She has over twelve years of experience in resource development and previously held positions at Changing Worlds and Chicago Foundation for Women.

Society of Historians of Eastern European, Eurasian, and Russian Art and Architecture

The Society of Historians of Eastern European, Eurasian and Russian Art and Architecture (SHERA) seeks proposals of papers for its sponsored session, “Reconsidering Art and Politics: Toward New Narratives of Russian and Eastern European Art” at CAA’s 2015 Annual Conference in New York. The session aims to move beyond conventional binary narratives of art and power by inviting papers that challenge these interpretations and highlight the complexity of artistic responses produced at the nexus of aesthetics and politics. The chairs seek historically grounded case studies of Russian, Eastern European, and Eurasian art from the Byzantine era to modern times that productively explore these issues. Interested contributors should see CAA’s 2015 Call for Participation and send proposals with other required materials to the session’s cochairs, Galina Mardilovich and Maria Taroutina. The deadline for proposals is May 9, 2014.

SHERA is delighted to welcome two new institutional members: the Russian American Cultural Center, an organization that sponsors exhibitions, arts events, and scholarly symposia in the greater New York area; and Centro Studi sulle Arti della Russia in Venice, Italy, a center for the research and study of Russia’s rich cultural heritage.

Southeastern College Art Conference

The Southeastern College Art Conference (SECAC) has announced the newly elected members of its board of directors: Sandra Reed, Savannah College of Art and Design; Reni Gower, Virginia Commonwealth University; and Ria O’Foghludha, Whittier College were reelected to a three-year term. In addition, Heather Stark of Marshall University and Ute Wachsmann-Linnan of Columbia College were elected to a three-year term.

The new issue of the Southeastern College Art Conference Review has been published. It is volume 17, number 3, 2013.

Visual Resources Association

The 2014 Summer Educational Institute for Visual Resources and Image Management (SEI) will be held June 10–13 at the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign. This intensive workshop features a curriculum addressing the latest requirements of today’s visual-resources and image-management professionals. Expert instructors will cover: intellectual-property rights; digital imaging and digital preservation; metadata and cataloging; project management; and professional development. SEI is open to all individuals interested in visual resources and image management. Past participants have included: current graduate students and recent graduates; visual-resources professionals; information, library, and museum professionals; art historians; and digital-collection managers.

Founded over ten years ago, SEI is a joint project of the Art Libraries Society of North America (ARLIS/NA) and the Visual Resources Association Foundation (VRAF). SEI provides information professionals with the information and experience needed to stay current in a rapidly changing field, and significant networking opportunities. Registration for members of VRA or ARLIS/NA and University of Illinois staff and students is $595; registration for nonmembers is $675. For more information or to register, visit the SEI website.

Filed under: Affiliated Societies

Fall Winners of the Meiss/Mellon Author’s Book Award

posted by Christopher Howard — Dec 16, 2013

CAA is pleased to announce the two recipients of the Meiss/Mellon Author’s Book Award for fall 2013. Thanks to a grant of $60,000 from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, CAA is supporting the work of emerging authors who are publishing monographs on the history of art and related subjects.

The fall 2013 grant recipients are:

  • Sarah Hamill, David Smith in Two Dimensions: Photography and the Matter of Sculpture, University of California Press
  • Ara H. Merjian, Giorgio de Chirico and the Metaphysical City, Yale University Press

The purpose of the Meiss/Mellon subventions is to reduce the financial burden that authors carry when acquiring images for publication, including licensing and reproduction fees for both print and online publications.

Dmitrii V. Sarabianov: In Memoriam

posted by CAA — Aug 21, 2013

Alison Hilton is Wright Family Professor of Art History at Georgetown University in Washington, DC.

Dmitrii V. Sarabianov, a Russian art historian and a specialist on nineteenth- and twentieth-century art, died in Moscow on July 19, 2013. He was 89 years old. Sarabianov was one of the great art historians of his generation, those who began their scholarly careers during and following World War II.

Born on October 10, 1923, into the family of a Marxist philosopher, Sarabianov showed an early interest in the arts, especially poetry and music, as well as camping and athletics. Soon after he began his undergraduate studies in 1941, Germany invaded the Soviet Union. He joined the army to serve as a translator, was wounded twice, and received several medals for military merit. After the war Sarabianov completed his undergraduate work at Moscow State University and was admitted into the school’s graduate program in art history, earning his candidate’s degree in 1952.

In 1954 he began work at Moscow’s prestigious Institute of Art History, first as a senior researcher and later as deputy director. From 1966 to 1996 Sarabianov taught and served as the head of the Art History Department at Moscow State University. He earned his doctorate in 1971. (In Russia this signifies substantial scholarly achievement beyond the candidate’s degree; it is roughly equivalent to full professorship.) Sarabianov became a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1987 and was elected to the rank of academician five years later.

Sarabianov was an inspiring teacher and mentor whose influence guided the careers of many Russian academics and museum scholars for several generations. Even for those who did not encounter him directly, Sarabianov’s publications—numbering more than 360 books and articles—set a standard for scholarship recognized both in Russia and abroad. Subjects of his monographs, many of them translated, include important nineteenth-century artists, among them Pavel Fedotov, Orest Kiprenskii, Aleksei Venetsianov, Ilya Repin, and Valentin Serov, as well as key figures in early-twentieth-century art such as Vasilii Kandinsky, Pavel Kuznetsov, Robert Falk, Liubov Popova, and Kazimir Malevich. What distinguishes Sarabianov’s work is the scope and originality of his interpretations of Russian art movements. He was among the first to write about Russian nineteenth-century painting in relation to European art, and he published a path-breaking study of international Art Nouveau in 1989. His book Russian Art: From Neoclassicism to the Avant Garde 1800–1917 (1990) is considered the fundamental text on the subject.

Sarabianov always took his civic responsibility as an academic very seriously. He spoke up at meetings, defended intellectual freedom, and voted on policy questions. In 2005, he and colleagues in Moscow’s major museums and other art institutions created the National Organization of Art Experts (NOEXI) to monitor and cope with the unprecedented demands of the chaotic art market in Russia and to establish means of ensuring professional credibility and trust.

Regarded by his peers, his former students, and his readers as a scholar of absolute integrity, Dmitrii Sarabianov will be missed most for his immense charm and kindness. He is survived by his wife, Elena Borisovna Murina, and his sons, Andrei and Vladimir Sarabianov.

Filed under: Obituaries

Inaugural Recipients of the Meiss/Mellon Author’s Book Award

posted by Christopher Howard — Jun 05, 2013

CAA is pleased to announce the five inaugural recipients of the new Meiss/Mellon Author’s Book Award. Thanks to a one-year grant of $60,000 from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, CAA will provide funds to emerging authors who are publishing monographs on the history of art and related subjects. The purpose of the subventions is to reduce the financial burden that authors carry when acquiring images for publication, including licensing and reproduction fees for both print and online publications.

The winning books for spring 2013 are:

  • Claudia Brittenham, The Cacaxtla Paintings: How Art Shaped the Identity of an Ancient Central Mexican City, University of Texas Press
  • Chelsea Foxwell, In Search of Images: Kano Hogai and the Making of Modern Japanese-Style Painting, University of Chicago Press
  • Jesse Locker, “The Hands of Aurora”: Artemisia Gentileschi and Her Contemporaries, Yale University Press
  • Megan R. Luke, Kurt Schwitters: Space, Image, Exile, University of Chicago Press
  • Karl Whittington, Body-Worlds: Opicinus de Canistris and the Medieval Cartographic Imagination, Press of the Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies

Successful applicants are emerging scholars who are under contract with a publisher for a manuscript on art history or visual studies. For full details on the grant, please review the Application Guidelines and the Application Process, Schedule, and Checklist. Fall deadline: September 15, 2013.

Affiliated Society News for May 2013

posted by CAA — May 09, 2013

American Institute for Conservation

The American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works (AIC) is hosting its 2013 annual meeting in Indianapolis, Indiana, from May 29 to June 1, 2013. Its theme, “The Contemporary in Conservation,” will focus on contemporary approaches to conservation—not only the conservation of contemporary art—and include perspectives from both within and outside the field. In addition to the treatment of contemporary art, the conference will consider digitization, environmental sustainability, and the effects of architectural design on the preservation of objects as well as current trends in exhibition design and the new challenges they present for preservation, including greater physical access, longer display times, and more touring exhibitions. Learn more about the upcoming AIC meeting at www.conservation-us.org/meetings and join the organization for the lively discussions that will take place.

Art Libraries Society of North America

The Art Libraries Society of North America (ARLIS/NA) and the Visual Resources Association Foundation (VRAF) will once again sponsor the Summer Educational Institute for Visual Resources and Image Management (SEI), to be held June 18–21, 2013, at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. This collaborative professional training program, now in its tenth year, addresses the evolving requirements of image-management professionals. Expert instructors will cover intellectual-property rights, offer a hands-on digital-imaging workshop, and describe best practices and tools for metadata and cataloging. A “think-camp” discussion session will identify topic preferences from registrants, such as the future of the profession, uses of social and new media, visual literacy, and the digital humanities. More than four hundred people serving in a range of professional roles have benefited from past SEIs, including art historians, visual-resources curators, university librarians, archivists, and museum professionals responsible for image rights and reproductions. For more information, please contact the SEI cochairs: Betha Whitlow or Amy Trendler.

Historians of German and Central European Art and Architecture

During CAA’s 2013 Annual Conference in New York, the Historians of German and Central European Art and Architecture (HGCEA) hosted a two-part panel, “Central Europe’s Others in Art and Visual Culture,” chaired by Brett Van Hoesen and Elizabeth Otto, and an Emerging Scholars panel, led by Keith Holz. HGCEA also organized a dinner party at the Scandinavia House, which was attended by about sixty members of the society. The gathering celebrated the achievements of two retiring colleagues, Françoise Foster-Hahn and Reinhold Heller. Former HGCEA president Steven Mansbach delivered a eulogy on Foster-Hahn, and present board member Jay Clark did the same for Heller. The current HGCEA president, Marsha Morton, presented the prize for the winner of HGCEA’s first essay contest to Pepper Stetler and bestowed honorary mention to Amy Hamlin and Elizabeth Brisman. The contest was an initiative for the encouragement and recognition of young scholars. Sixteen essays published during 2011 and 2012 were submitted. A new appeal will be issued for essays published in 2012.

Historians of Netherlandish Art

The Historians of Netherlandish Art (HNA) has published the winter 2013 issue of the open-access, refereed electronic journal, the Journal of Historians of Netherlandish Art. Contents include articles by Sally Whitman Coleman, Matthijs Ilsink and Monica Marchesi, and Elizabeth Sutton, as well as translations of part one and two of D. C. Meijer Jr.’s “The Amsterdam Civic Guard Portraits within and outside the New Rijksmuseum.”

HNA solicits session and workshop proposals for the organization’s quadrennial conference, to be held in Boston, Massachusetts, June 5–7, 2014. For the first time, this event will take place together and in cooperation with the conference of the American Association for Netherlandic Studies. HNA welcomes proposals for sessions that represent new directions in the study of Netherlandish art between 1350 and 1750. Proposals may focus on individual disciplines within this chronological spectrum or feature interdisciplinary approaches and collaborative endeavors. Sessions will be two hours long with a maximum of four papers each. HNA also invites proposals for workshops designed to allow for group discussion of focused topics. Workshop proposals should define the matter to be addressed and describe how discussion will be generated. Prospective session and workshop proposals should be sent via email by May 15, 2013, to Paul Crenshaw, chair of the program committee.

International Sculpture Center

The International Sculpture Center (ISC) will hold the 2013 International Sculpture Symposium in Miami, Florida, from December 1 to 4, 2013. The program is cosponsored by Florida International University and the Patricia and Phillip Frost Art Museum and will comprise daytime and evening programming, including keynote addresses, panel discussions, and an iron pour led by the international sculptor Coral Lambert, joined by Iron Maidens and other selected artists. The symposium marks the first ISC program held in the city of Miami, spans four days, and precedes Art Basel Miami Beach, which takes place December 5–8. Artists and enthusiasts from around the world will have the opportunity to participate in a week of dynamic cultural events. Please visit www.sculpture.org/miami2013 for more details and to join the Miami event mailing list to receive updates as they become available. Discounted early-bird registration for ISC members opens on June 1. Questions should be directed to events@sculpture.org or 609-689-1051, ext. 302.

Italian Art Society

The Italian Art Society (IAS) has announced its new officers and committee members: Cathleen A. Fleck, president; Sheryl E. Reiss, executive vice president; and Nicola Camerlenghi, vice president for programming. The Awards Committee now includes Janis Elliott (chair), Jill Pederson, and Eve Straussman-Pflanzer. Joining the Nominating Committee are Brian Curran (chair) and Janna Israel. The Program Committee welcomes Dorothy Glass and Rebekah Perry, and the Graduate Student and Emerging Scholars Committee greets its new members, Sarah Wilkins and Ashley Elston. IAS thanks those whose terms have ended for their service.

IAS will sponsor four sessions at the International Congress for Medieval Art in Kalamazoo, Michigan; see the IAS website for the titles and the names of the speakers. IAS seeks proposals for papers for its two 2014 CAA Annual Conference sessions: “Periodization Anxiety in Italian Art: Renaissance, Baroque, or Early Modern?” (chairs: Frances Gage and Eva Struhal); and “‘Futuro Anteriore’: Cultural Self-Appropriation as Catalyst in the Art of Italy”(chairs Alison Perchuk and Irina D. Costache). Please visit the IAS website for the CAA session descriptions and submission instructions. Deadline: May 6, 2013.

The speaker of the fourth annual Italian Art Society–Kress Foundation Lecture Series in Italy is Sarah Blake McHam of Rutgers University, who will present “Laocoön, or Pliny Vindicated” at the Fondazione Marco Besso in Rome on Tuesday, May 28, 2013, at 6:00 PM.

Mid-America College Art Association

The board of the Mid-America College Art Association (MACAA) will hold a retreat May 24–25, 2013, in San Antonio, Texas, in preparation for its 2014 conference, which will be hosted by the University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA). The conference chair is Scott Sherer, and the UTSA institution coordinator is Gregory Elliot. The conference contact is Laura Crist, who can be reached at macaa2014@utsa.edu or 210-458-4391. Conference details will be posted on the MACAA and conference websites, as planning develops.

National Council of Arts Administrators

From September 25 to 28, 2013, Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond will host the forty-first annual conference of the National Council of Arts Administrators (NCAA), which will focus on reexamining the value of uncertainty and doubt in the arts. The gathering will also spotlight current trends in arts administration; offer forums, speakers, and workshops; and create opportunities to network within a diverse community of higher-education arts professionals. You can expect top-notch speakers, timely and forward-looking sessions, an engaging administrator’s workshop, and much more. NCAA enthusiastically welcomes new members and any interested parties to its events. Learn more about the 2013 conference.

New Media Caucus

The New Media Caucus (NMC) has announced the results of the elections for president, treasurer, and board members. The new president is Vagner Whitehead, associate professor at Oakland University. His term as president-elect begins immediately and runs until the 2014 CAA Annual Conference in Chicago, when he will become president at the 2014 annual business meeting. Reelected as treasurer is Jim Jeffers, visiting lecturer at College of the Holy Cross, who has been actively involved in NMC leadership since the organization’s founding ten years ago. He has served as treasurer for the past two years, a critical position as NMC pursues 501(c)(3) status. Joining the board are Victoria Bradbury, a researcher at the Curatorial Resource for Upstart Media Bliss, University of Sutherland; Mina Cheon, interdisciplinary professor, Maryland Institute College of Art; Carlos Rosas, associate professor, Pennsylvania State University; and Jessica Westbrook, assistant professor, School of the Art Institute of Chicago. View a listing of the entire NMC board of directors and officers and the constitution and bylaws, which describes the terms and election processes.

Public Art Dialogue

At the 2013 CAA Annual Conference in New York, Public Art Dialogue (PAD) sponsored Sally Webster’s session, “Reconsidering Mural Painting: New Methodologies,” which featured five papers: “In the Making: Mural Painting and the Look of Reform in Theodore Roosevelt’s America” by Annelise K. Madsen; “Picturing Jewish History in 1920s Hollywood: The Murals in the Wilshire Boulevard Temple” from MacKenzie Stevens; “‘No Vain Glory’: Cartography and Murals in the American War Cemeteries in France” by Kate C. Lemay; “Looking Beyond ‘The Wall’: Reconstructing City Walls’ Gateway to Soho” from Andrew Wasserman; and “The Renewed ‘Spirit of Hyde Park’: A Case Study in Mural Restoration” by Emily Scibilia. Sarah Schrank was the discussant. A roundtable chaired by Norie Sato on “Time, Transience, Duration” featured presentations by Penny Balkin Bach, Renee Piechocki, and Marisa Lerer.

Penny Balkin Bach of the Association for Public Art (aPA), based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, received PAD’s annual lifetime achievement award. Bach has been in the field since the early 1970s, and under her leadership aPA (formerly called the Fairmount Park Art Association, whose staff she joined in 1980) has sponsored numerous groundbreaking installations and special projects. Open Air, which premiered in October 2012, was a spectacular interactive light installation by Rafael Lozano-Hemmer along the Benjamin Franklin Parkway. Bach’s tireless and innovative work has transformed the field of public art.

Society for Photographic Education

The Society for Photographic Education (SPE) seeks proposals for “Collaborative Exchanges: Photography in Dialogue,” its fifty-first national conference, to be held March 6–9, 2014, in Baltimore, Maryland. SPE is accepting proposals for the 2014 conference through June 1, 2013. Topics, which are not required to be theme based, may include but are not limited to: image making, history, contemporary theory and criticism, new technologies, effects of media and culture, educational issues, and funding. Membership in SPE is required to submit, and all proposals are peer reviewed. Descriptions for the five presentation formats follow:

  • Graduate Student: short presentation of your own artistic work and a brief introduction to your graduate program
  • Imagemaker: presentation on your own artistic work (photography, film, video, performance, installation, multidisciplinary approaches)
  • Lecture: presentation on historical topic, theory, or another artist’s work
  • Panel: a group led by a moderator to discuss a chosen topic
  • Teach: presentations, workshops, or demos that address educational issues, including teaching resources and strategies; curricula to serve diverse artists and changing student populations; seeking promotion and tenure; avoiding burnout, and professional exchange

Visit the website for information on how to join SPE and for full proposal guidelines.

Society for the Study of Early Modern Women

The Society for the Study of Early Modern Women (SSEMW) has announced the names, fields, and affiliations of its officers and committee members for 2013: the new president is Jane Couchman, French and women’s studies, York University; the new vice president is Megan Matchinske, comparative literature and English, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; a past president is Allyson Poska, history, Mary Washington University; a second past president is Pamela Benson, English, Rhode Island College; the new treasurer is Deborah Uman, English, St. John Fisher College; the new secretary is Abby Zanger, French, independent scholar; and the new web and listserv coordinator is Karen Nelson, Center for Literary and Comparative Studies, English, University of Maryland, College Park.

The Executive Committee now comprises: Eve Straussman-Pflanzer, art, Art Institute of Chicago; Shannon Miller, English, Temple University; Michelle Dowd, English, University of North Carolina, Greensboro; Meredith Ray, Italian and women’s studies, University of Delaware; Renee Baernstein, history, Miami University; Sheila Cavanaugh, English, Emory University; and Lauren Shook, English, University of North Carolina, Greensboro.

The Awards Committee will consist of: Marina Leslie, English, Northeastern University (chair for 2013); Heidi Brayman Hackel, English, University of California, Riverside; Wendy Heller, music, Princeton University; Mary Nyquist, women and gender, University of Toronto; Eleanor Hubbard, history, Princeton University; Bronwen Wilson, art history, University of British Columbia; Leah Chang, French, George Washington University; Sheila ffolliott, art history, George Mason University (emerita); and Sarah Ross, English, Massey University.

For additional information, including members of the Nominating Committee, please see About SSEMW section on http://ssemw.org.

Society of Architectural Historians

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation has awarded a one-year grant of $51,330 to the Society of Architectural Historians (SAH) to administer the SAH/Mellon Author Awards. The award is a temporary measure to provide financial relief to early-career scholars who are publishing monographs on architectural history and the history of the built environment and responsible for paying for rights and permissions for images in their publications. Through this grant SAH will provide awards to emerging scholars (those with PhDs earned during the past six years) to help defray the high costs of image licensing and reproduction for monographs on the history of the built environment. Awards will be made once in 2013 for print (hardcover, softcover) and digital publications (ebook, DVD). Awardees will be selected on the basis of the quality and demonstrated financial need for their project. SAH anticipates awarding approximately ten SAH/Mellon Author Awards in 2013. Deadline: June 1, 2013.

Society of Historians of East European, Eurasian, and Russian Art and Architecture

In response to increasing interest in the field, the Society of Historians of East European, Eurasian, and Russian Art and Architecture (SHERA) is extending its activities with renewed vigor under new leadership. After voting in January 2013, Margaret Samu was elected president, and Natasha Kurchanova was chosen vice president and will serve as president-elect. Yelena Kalinsky has become secretary-treasurer, and Inge Wierda will be the society’s webmaster. Joining them on the board of directors are Kathleen Duff, Eva Forgacs, Mark Svede, Danilo Udovicki, and Alla Vronskaya.

SHERA sponsors sessions and holds regular meetings at both CAA and the Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies, maintains an active listserv and Facebook page, and is currently creating a new website. New members are welcome; please direct your inquiries to SHERA.artarchitecture@gmail.com for more information.

Society of North American Goldsmiths

The Society of North American Goldsmiths (SNAG) will hold its forty-second annual conference from May 15 to 18, 2013, in Toronto, Ontario, at the downtown historic Fairmont Royal York Hotel. Titled “Meta-Mosaic,” the event will celebrate the multiple industries within jewelry and metalsmithing in the twenty-first century. Toronto is a mosaic of peoples and cultures as well as the center of Canada’s jewelry industry. This conference will examine a fluid identity within art, craft, and design and inspire attendees to embrace a collective mosaic. Join SNAG for presentations and panels featuring industry luminaries from across the globe, rapid-fire presentations by international designers and artists, over twenty exhibition, the third annual member Trunk Show Sale, social events, and so much more! Online registration has closed, but you can still register onsite beginning at 3:00 PM on May 15.

Visual Resources Association

The Art Libraries Society of North America (ARLIS/NA) and the Visual Resources Association Foundation (VRAF) will once again sponsor the Summer Educational Institute for Visual Resources and Image Management (SEI), to be held June 18–21, 2013, at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. This collaborative professional training program, now in its tenth year, addresses the evolving requirements of image-management professionals. Expert instructors will cover intellectual-property rights, offer a hands-on digital-imaging workshop, and describe best practices and tools for metadata and cataloging. A “think-camp” discussion session will identify topic preferences from registrants, such as the future of the profession, uses of social and new media, visual literacy, and the digital humanities. More than four hundred people serving in a range of professional roles have benefited from past SEIs, including art historians, visual-resources curators, university librarians, archivists, and museum professionals responsible for image rights and reproductions. For more information, please contact the SEI cochairs: Betha Whitlow or Amy Trendler.

Filed under: Affiliated Societies

Reflections on the Annual Conference, the Year Past, and the Year to Come

posted by Anne Collins Goodyear — Mar 05, 2013

Anne Collins Goodyear is president of the CAA Board of Directors.

CAA’s Annual Conference was typically lively and rewarding. With nearly six thousand participants, representing all fifty states—and the District of Columbia—and fifty-three countries, CAA hosted well over two hundred sessions addressing a broad range of topics, including contemporary art practice, criticism, pedagogy, issues in museums, and the history of art. As participation in the conference by colleagues from around the world continues to grow, we were pleased to welcome twenty recipients of CAA International Travel Grants, generously supported by the Getty Foundation, and further discussed by Ann Albritton, Chair of CAA’s International Committee, in an article that will soon be published on the CAA website.

The conference took advantage of new technologies, providing, for the first time, wireless internet access free of charge to conference goers throughout the conference rooms, and making possible the broad spread use of Skype to involve panelists and respondents unable to be in New York. CAA also hosted its first ever THATCamp (The Humanities And Technology) on February 11 and 12, fully subscribed with seventy-five scholars, just before the official start of the conference. A follow up session held during the conference continued a stimulating discussion about the promise and current role of new technologies for art historians.

New technologies are shaping CAA’s publications, two of which celebrate major milestones this year. The Annual Conference enabled us to mark the centennial of The Art Bulletin and the fifteenth anniversary of caa.reviews—both of which were toasted with cake and champagne following our Annual Members’ Business Meeting. In connection with this, each publication, thanks to a $20,000 grant from the Alliance for Networking Visual Culture, has undertaken open-access online projects using the Scalar platform. Thelma Thomas, chair of the Art Bulletin Editorial Board, graciously demonstrated her online compilation “Publishing The Art Bulletin: Past, Present, and Future,” (http://scalar.usc.edu/anvc/the-art-bulletin/index) at the meeting. A forthcoming Scalar project by the caa.reviews editor-in chief, Sheryl Reiss, will address the exhibition Bernini: Sculpting in Clay at the Kimbell Art Museum.

As the terrain of scholarly publishing continues to evolve, the high cost of scholarly publications, due in large part to the necessity of obtaining copyright and other clearance permissions for reproductions, concerns all of us. CAA is thus deeply appreciative of a one-year Meiss/Mellon Author Grant for $69,698 to offer subventions to emerging scholars who are publishing monographs in art history and visual studies and to advertise the award. Applications for the first round of the Meiss/Mellon Author’s Book Award are now being accepted. The deadline for spring submissions is March 15, 2013. Fall applications are due October 1, 2013. For more information see: http://www.collegeart.org/meissmellon/.

The larger question of when copyrighted material may be used without licensing in accordance with the principles of fair use is at the heart of a major initiative by CAA to establish Fair Use Best Practice Guidelines, undertaken with the assistance of generous support from the Kress and Mellon Foundations. The project is addressed in greater depth in Jeffrey Cunard’s article, published today. See: https://www.collegeart.org/news/2013/03/05/caas-task-force-on-fair-use-meets-during-annual-conference/.

As the Strategic Plan for 2010–2015 draws to its conclusion (available at http://www.collegeart.org/about/plan), the Board of Directors has now embarked, having convened a task force for the purpose, on the development of a 2015–2020 Strategic Plan. We are eager for your input into the plan and to hear from you about what you feel is working well within the organization and where our services could be strengthened. A related survey will be distributed later this year, and key issues will be discussed with the CAA membership next February at the 2014 Annual Members’ Business Meeting.

As always, CAA welcomes input from its membership on any topic of interest to the field. Please feel free to consult directly with the staff and board and/or to take advantage of CAA’s Facebook page to share your views. See: https://www.facebook.com/collegeartassociation.